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Cardiac Tumors

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Topic updated on 12/22/16 12:08pm

Myxoma
  • Overview
    • most common primary cardiac tumor in adults
    • 90% occur in the atria
    • diagnosed with transesophageal echocardiogram
  • Pathology
    • usually described as a "ball-valve" obstruction in the mitral valve orifice
    • sessile or pedunculated
  • Presentation
    • non-specific (flu-like symptoms)
  • Complications
    • syncopal episodes
      • due to tumor obstructing the mitral valve
    • embolization
Rhabdomyoma 
  • Overview 
    • Most common primary cardiac tumor in children
    • associated with tuberous sclerosis
Metastasis
  • More common than primary tumors of the heart
    • examples
      • melanoma
      • lymphoma
      • lung cancer


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