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Gram Positive Bacteria

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Topic updated on 01/05/17 4:18pm

Microbiology Overview
 
A general overview of bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, helminths, and prions

Gram Positive Bacteria Overview

Gram Positive Bacteria Overview
 
COCCI
  Disease Antibiotic or Treatment
Staphylococcus aureus
MSSA
MRSA
Gastroenteritis
Endocarditis
Abscesses and mastitis
TSS
Impetigo
Scalded skin syndrome
Pneumonia
Surgical infections
Osteomyelitis
Nafcilin
Vancomycin (MRSA)
Staphylococcus epidermidis Normal skin flora
Catheters/prosthetic devices
Biofilms
Blood culure contamination
Vancomycin
Staphylococcus saprophyticus UTI --
Streptococcus pneumoniae "MOPS"
 Meningitis
 Otitis media
 Pneumonia
 Sinusitis
Macrolides
Ceftriaxone
Amoxicillin
Streptococcus pyogenes (Group A) Pharyngitis
Cellulitis
Impetigo
Scarlet fever
TSS
Rheumatic fever
AGN

 

Beta lactams
Streptococcus agalacticae (Group B) Normal vaginal flora
Neonatal septicemia
Meningitis (neonatal)
Ampicillin
Streptococcus viridans Normal throat flora
Dental caries
Endocarditis
Penicillin G
Streptococcus bovis (Group D) Bacteremia
Endocarditis
--
Enterococci
Enterococci faecalis (Group D strep) Endocarditis (subacute)
UTI
Biliary tract infections
Vancomycin
Linezolid and streptogramins (VRE)
BACILLI
Spore-forming
Bacillus anthracis Anthrax Ciprofloxacin
Bacillus cereus Food poisoning (rice) Self-limiting
Clostridium tetani Tetanus Hyperimmune human globulin
Clostridium botulinum Botulism Antitoxin or hyperimmune human globulin
Clostridium perfringens Gas gangrene
Food poisoning
Clindamycin or self-limiting
Clostridium difficile Antibiotic associated diarrhea
Colitis
Pseudomembranous colitis
Metronidazole, vancomycin
Non-spore forming
Corynebacterium diphtheriae Diphtheria Erythromycin
Listeria monocytogenes Meningitis
Amnionitis
Spontaneous abortion
Granulomatosis infantiseptica
Gastroenteritis
Ampicillin


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Qbank (1 Questions)

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(M1.MC.78) A 43-year-old patient with a history of esophageal cancer presents with sudden onset slurred speech. On CT scan, she is found to have an acute intraparenchymal hemorrhage, likely from a metastasis, with interventricular extension. Due to concern for hydrocephalus, an external ventricular drain is placed in order to control the intracerebral pressure. Two weeks later, she undergoes a lumbar puncture due to altered mental status, and the gram stain of the fluid is depicted in Figure A. Which part of the bacteria is responsible for the blue color on the stain? Topic Review Topic
FIGURES: A          

1. Cell wall
2. Mitochondria
3. Golgi
4. Nucleus
5. Endoplasmic reticulum

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