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Female Infertility

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Topic updated on 01/06/16 1:36pm

Introduction
  • Inability to produce, fertilize, or implant egg
  • Etiologies include
    • anovulation
    • anatomic causes
      • pelvic inflammatory disease
        • especially acute salpingitis
          • secondary to N. gonorrhoeae or C. trachomatis
      • polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)  
      • endometriosis
      • Asherman's syndrome
        • intrauterine adhesions result from scar formation after uterine surgery (dilation and curettage most common)
Evalution
  • Anovulation
  • Anatomic causes
    • hysterosalpingogram


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Qbank (1 Questions)

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(M1.RP.1) A 32-year-old female presents to your fertility clinic following inability to conceive with her husband for the past two years. The patient reports a long history of oligomenorrhea. Physical examination is notable for acanthosis nigricans around the folds of the neck and hair on the patient's upper lip. Increasing levels of which of the following hormones is likely to help this patient’s fertility problem: Topic Review Topic

1. Estrogen
2. Leptin
3. Prolactin
4. Follicle stimulating hormone
5. Human chorionic gonadotropin

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